How to tile a floor
Tiles are durable, easy to clean and can make a large area space look its best with minimal effort. Tile floors are popular in kitchens, foyers, bathrooms and more. Installing floor tiles is easier than other forms of flooring because of the number of materials involved. It typically only requires you to unroll the adhesive onto a cement board and add the tiles.
Although it may seem easy to begin, there are a few mistakes you can make that can lead to problems later.
You've decided on what type of floor tiling your room will have and now you need to hire someone to do it for you or do it yourself.
Materials to tile a floor
The materials you'll need to tile a floor include:
Tools needed include:
Steps to tile a floor
Where do you start when tiling a floor?
What do you put down before tiling a floor?
How should you lay a tile floor?
Can you do floor tiling by yourself?
Yes, floor tiling is a fairly easy do-it-yourself project. If you're installing wall tiles as well, though, there's quite a bit of work to do and it's probably worth hiring a professional.
Is it difficult to lay tile on a floor?
It can be tricky to make difficult cuts, but otherwise no. The hardest part is probably laying the tiles on a very steep staircase or around a fireplace where you need angled cuts.
How can I get my first row of tile straight?
First, ensure the floor is clean and dry. Then you can use a chalk line to snap a straight line from wall to wall. If your tiles are very different in size, it might be easier to mark them with masking tape before installation.
How do I cut around corners?
First, measure and mark the cuts you're going to make with masking tape. Then score along one side of your line with a glasscutter or diamond blade. Turn over the piece and finish scoring along the edge, making sure you hold it at 90 degrees when you push down.
Should you tile from the middle out?
At a minimum, start in a corner and work your way out from there. If you want to go all the way across an area before cutting or laying that area's tiles, go for it. Each section of tile should be laid on a mortar bed with a 1/4" grout line between them.
When would I use thinset?
Thinset is best for small tiles on walls, countertops and anywhere else you need a very precise fit. For larger tiles, the thinset will start to ooze out of the joints during installation, so it's better to use tile adhesive.
How do I stagger my tile pattern?
Start by laying tiles in one direction, then alternate the direction at each row.
Why should you start in the middle when laying tile?
The advantage of starting in the middle is that if you create a tile pattern that doesn't quite fit when it reaches the wall, you'll have tiles to spare.
If your floor is longer than it is wide, start in the middle and work your way to the nearest end.
But what if my room is wide?
Then start at the nearest wall and work your way toward the other end.
What about tiling to a diagonal pattern?
You can start with a diagonal pattern, but we recommend working in rows (left to right, then back again). If you place tiles diagonally and something is off by even a little bit, your whole floor will look off-kilter.